Farmer release & agrarian reform
After 1815 the restoration began in Hanover. All reforms of the French westfaelischen time were taken back. Because of sinking the grain prices a reform was necessary in Hanover, since most farmers earned too little now and were to blame for themselves very strongly.
Carl Stueve, member of the hannoeverschen status meeting, wrote 1830 a writing over the problems of the farmers. At the same time it submitted a program for farmer release with this writing:
- only in some land transfer was considered as remuneration
- country of the basic gentlemen remained unaffected
- protection of the rural landed property against splintering
The hannoeversche aristocracy (1st chamber) prevented a relevant legislative initiative Stueves in the year 1829.
In the year 1831 mayors from villages sent south a Petition to the state capital to the government. The yards and properties were highly indebted. They required decisions in the replacement question. In cure Hessen the still more highly who were to blame for farmers made a Aufstend, success had, because short time was created there later a condition.
Also in Hanover now some farmers tried also the rebellion, which was suppressed however by the military. Since now further unrests threatened, Prime Minister became count Muenster of the king to dismiss as the first. As the second in February 1831 a renewed request for a replacement law was placed, which entered into force after revision by a Komission in November 1831:
" each owner of properties, which are to a Meier -, Eigenbehoerigkeits -, Meier thing -, Haegerdings -, or similar property-wonderful federation, or with interest, tenth, services or other perpetual charges are afflicted, have the right to release its properties by separation or conversion after the principles of the present law from if a hereditary right at the same is entitled to it. "
According to this regulation a possibility of the load separation did not only exist for the yards; rather also personbound loads could be replaced. However some loads did not remain removably:
- label authorization / meanness rights
- forest-wonderful fair gerechtsame
- hunt and Fischereigerechtigkeiten
- rights of the forest prospective customers
- delivery of brickyards / schankwirtschaften
- leaning conditions
- state -, municipality -, Sotietaetslasten
The separation of the remaining loads should take place via remuneration of the entitled ones, which their rights should lose now. The remuneration knew a limited land compensation by capital payment (25fache annual value of the past deliveries), (only during tithe redemption; up to 1/6 the zehntpflichtigen corridor) or a conversion into a fixed cash oderFruchtrente (temporary solution up to the final capital separation) takes place.
Prohibition was, in contrast to the Prussian right, the sales of individual properties or division of the yard.
©1999 Lutz Köng, Alte Wiesenstr.20, D-29506 Uelzen